man coding on a laptop

How Long Do Laptops Last And How To Make Them Last Longer?

If you are anything like millions, if not billions, of people around the world, you probably own a laptop (and if you do not own one, then you have probably used one). Chances are you are reading this on your laptop, or another electronic device.

The thing about laptops is that most of them are not built to last. With constant updates, and advances in technology, new models are being released each year to kick the previous model into oblivion.

While a brand new, shiny electronic device is tempting, you can hang onto your laptop for a long time. You may have to tweak it a little to keep it running smoothly, and it may not be as fast or powerful as the newest model, but it will get the job done.

Thinking that this is impossible?

Well, read on to find out how you can increase the longevity of your laptop, and read about my 5 year old laptop, which is still going strong.

How Long Do Laptops Last On Average?

Not all laptops are created equally, and that means that not all laptops last for the same length of time. Before we predict how long a laptop is going to last, we need to know a little about it.

  • Is it a business-grade laptop or has it been bought for personal use?
  • What hardware do you have inside the laptop?
  • What are you using the laptop for?
  • How is the laptop going to be treated?

Consumer-Grade Laptops

Consumer-grade laptops are the laptops which you will use around the home. You might use this type of laptop for surfing the web, sending emails, light work and it might be used by an individual or a family.

bohemian woman sitting on a couch with a laptop

Consumer laptops generally come with a one-year warranty, and if you were to open them up (which I do not recommend doing unless you know what you are doing), you would often find second- and third-tier components inside. However, a more expensive consumer laptop may have similar quality parts to a business-grade model.

You also need to know that the laptop you buy this week may not be exactly the same as if you had bought it a week later.

What!?

Different components are often made by different companies, and while the specs are the same, the parts inside may vary slightly.

Generally speaking, if you spend less than $700, you can expect your laptop to last between 2-4 years, and, if you spend $700-$1,300, you can expect the laptop to last up to 5 years.

This is a general estimation, and your laptop can fall short or surpass those numbers (stick with us for how you can help your laptop surpass that lifespan).

Business-Grade Laptops

Business-grade laptops usually come with a three-year warranty. If you want something which you can work on, you want to know that it will last and you want a safety net in case it does not.

woman working on a laptop in office

These laptops have better parts than consumer laptops, and they are consistent.

Related: 9 Best Rugged & Durable Laptops For All Your Needs

They are built to be workhorses. Where consumer laptops will have a plastic casing, you will often find metal or carbon-fiber-reinforced casings in business laptops. They often have shock-resistant features to add to the durability, and can withstand being bumped, knocked, and dropped (though, please don’t put that to the test).

The famous Lenovo ThinkPad X1 drop test.

In essence, they are built to last.

Pay $2,000 or more, and you can have a laptop which could last you for 7 years. Pay more than $3,000, and that laptop could last for up to 10.

The Features Of Long Lasting Laptops

How long your laptop will last depends on how you take care of it and what tasks you perform with it. For now, let’s focus on picking components that will make your laptop future-proof.

So, what do you need to think about?

Hard Drive: With OS updates getting bigger and bigger and smartphones letting us grab unlimited videos and pictures, you need at least 500GB of storage, but to be on the safe side, 1TB is better.

SSD: A solid-state drive (SSD) is more expensive, but it will keep things running smoothly and quickly. They are much faster and more responsive than classic hard drives and they will make your overall user experience more pleasant. Aim for 500GB at least.

Processor: An 8th or 9th generation Intel Core i5 or i7 is super-fast and will handle your day-to-day business needs while being speedy enough for games after.

Memory: If it has less than 8GB of RAM, you may as well be using a brick. If you want to use the latest software, look for 8GB and, again, you cannot go wrong by getting more.

Types Of Tasks Your Laptop Is Used For

If you are using your laptop for labor-intensive tasks, such as gaming, video editing, or graphic design, then you need to be careful. These are the types of tasks which make your laptop irrelevant as the software updates, and the processing power becomes not enough.

If you are demanding less from your laptop, such as checking email, using Google to find out how long whales can stay underwater, or streaming Netflix, then the longer a regular laptop will last.

If you are using a powerful laptop for mundane tasks, it will last for a long time. If you are using a regular laptop for intensive tasks, it will not. The intended use influences the hardware needed.

A mid-range laptop will last for roughly 4-5 years with regular use.

How Long Do Gaming Laptops Last?

Okay, so you a gamer, a different breed of laptop user. You are not like the other users, and neither should your laptop be.

If you like to play the newest games on the highest graphics settings, then you can expect your laptop to have a shorter lifespan. As games are demanding more of your hardware, your laptop has a hard time keeping up.

Of course, if you don’t mind lower resolutions and slower FPS rates, you’ll be fine for longer.

via GIPHY

If you buy a mid-range gaming laptop, with advances in graphics and complexity of games, you can expect that laptop to last only a few years before it becomes obsolete.

If you want your laptop to be able to handle the newest games in a few years’ time, then you need to spend considerably more.

A $1,000 laptop will give you about 2 years. Spend up to $2,000, and you can get up to 4 years. Splash out and fork out over $3,000, and you can still be playing, 4-5 years later.

Of course, you want to factor in whatever else you are going to be doing with your laptop. You can also factor in graphics settings. Our estimations are based on the highest graphic settings, which give the best in-game experience but, you can also choose to use lower-quality graphics, and get a couple more years out of your system.

What Causes Laptops To Break?

Drops, knocks, spills, bumps, dents, heat, cold, pressure, and plenty more.

Of course, you are going to look after your laptop.

Unfortunately, no matter how good you are to your device, there are some parts which have a shorter lifespan than others.

  • RAM, motherboards, and batteries are prone to failing more often than other parts.
  • Some components, like keyboards, screens, and storage drives will last if you invest in quality, so do just that.

Signs That You Need A New Laptop

You could try and get a few more years out of your laptop, but that is only going to lead to frustration. If you invest in quality, you are going to have a lot of years with your laptop but, when it starts to fail, it is time for a new one.

Here is how to know when it is time for a change.

Everything Gets Slow
Just like in old age; everything begins to slow down. When applications take forever to open up or your laptop takes hours to boot (it might seem that way), then it can be time to upgrade to a newer model.

You Can’t Install The Newest Operating System
When Microsoft or Apple release a new operating system, the minimum supported specs are always turned up a notch. You might not need the newest operating system available, but it does make your computer feel modern and the upgrades are usually worth it (usually). If your laptop cannot support the latest operating system, then it is probably time for an upgrade.

The Display Is Not What It Used To Be
Do you find yourself squinting at the screen or playing with the visual settings? You may need glasses, or you may need to upgrade. I will let you decide. Also, laptop screens tend to fail more often than their desktop counterparts.

Regular Crashing
No, your laptop crashing is not something which only happens to you. It happens to a select group of people, and those people are in need of a laptop upgrade.

bsod_windows10

Sometimes updating the drivers solves the problem, but most of the time crashing is a sign of failing hardware.

Battery Doesn’t Last
When we get old, our energy reserves get drained. We cannot go for as long as we used to. The same is true for our laptop. If only we could upgrade ourselves.

How To Make Your Laptop Last Longer?

Laptops are expensive to replace and, if you are anything like me, you hate to spend money needlessly. A laptop at the end of its life needs replacing, but you can extend that life by investing in quality and taking care of it.

Here are our top 10 tips:

  1. Would you ever purposely spill a drink on your laptop? No. But, you would tempt fate by having your cappuccino sitting right beside it. Who is to blame if that cup is knocked over? Keep liquids away from your laptop and never worry about spills.

  2. That goes the same for food. It may not seem like that ham sub can do much damage, but those tiny crumbs which cascade down can get between the keys and become lodged. Save yourself the trouble and take a well-deserved break to eat.

  3. Animals are cute but, do you know what is not cute? Pet hair all over your laptop. Hair and fur can get into your laptop, just like crumbs. Try to work in a pet-free zone (which also has the added benefit of sneaky pets not knocking over your laptop or sitting on your keyboard and deleting your work. Cats, we are looking at you).

  4. While we are at it, try to keep your room and desk as clean as possible. This will also keep your laptop clean.

  5. That goes for your hands too. You are the one touching your laptop all day. Would you let a kid touch your laptop without washing their hands first? How clean are your hands? It only takes a minute to wash your hands and ensure that you are not transferring any dirt, grime, or oils onto the keys and track-pad or mouse.

  6. Watch out for temperature changes. Perhaps you have just walked into a warm house from the cold outside. When you get inside, you should wait a while until the laptop comes up to room temperature. Changes in temperature can take a toll on your laptop.

  7. Screens are fragile and the gateway to your entire laptop. Take care that it does not get cracked or damaged, and be sure to only clean it with approved chemicals, wipes, and cloths.

  8. Magnets can damage laptops, so stay away. That goes for anything with a magnetic field, such as TVs, speakers, refrigerators, and large electromagnetic superconductors.

  9. Laptops can also overheat very quickly. Do not set one on a surface that does not allow for proper ventilation (you should also not rest it on your legs for long periods of time).

  10. A good laptop case or bag will go a long way to protect your laptop when you are on the move, and when it is in storage. Store and transport it in the case and do not pile anything on top of it.

Take care of your laptop, and it can last for a very long time.

Most Reliable Laptop Brands (2019)

When it comes to choosing the longest-lasting laptop, there are some which last longer than others. There are some brands out there which, when bought, will give you a laptop which will last longer than the competition.

So, who would we recommend?

Apple
No list of laptops would be complete without Apple. They make robust laptops which stand the test of time. They are well known for their amazing displays, constant innovation, and powerful processors.

With the MacBook Pro and MacBook Air, they have choices for business users and personal users.

Lenovo
Lenovo’s ThinkPad series and convertible laptops offer a new way to work and play while still being reliable and durable. They are great for working on and have created some powerful laptops which are excellent for gaming.

Their software is what you would expect from most modern laptops: high-quality, and their hardware components are built to last.

HP
HP is another big name in the world of personal computing. They have a massive range of home and business laptops at affordable prices and packed with lots of performance. Start with a high-end one and never worry about having to upgrade for a good few years.

They have great personal computers and devices for business users too.

Microsoft
A powerhouse in the computer world, you really cannot go wrong with a Microsoft laptop. They are powerful, have great displays, and come with lots of great pre-installed software and quality hardware.

They continue to lead the way when it comes to laptops and, with laptops like the Surface Book and Surface Pro, they have laptops for everyone.

Samsung
Samsung has been innovating for years when it comes to electronic devices. They have a great range of phones, tablets, and laptops. The laptops have a ton of performance, and they come affordably priced.

We like the large screens and the quality of the display on the screens.

Dell
Dell has been making computers for a long time and is another recognized brand. They became famous for their desktop computers and now have a solid line of laptops. They range from budget options to more expensive and powerful models (we always recommend making an investment in quality).

There are many great laptop brands out there, and we would also recommend laptops from Asus, Toshiba, and Acer.

No matter which laptop you decide to buy, always make sure that you are making a wise investment. That one on sale, or the cheap one in WallMart, might sound like a good deal but how long is it going to last?

How Long Do Laptop Batteries Last Before Needing Replacement?

The battery on your laptop is usually one of the first things to go and, while this can be overcome by having your laptop plugged in constantly, you want to invest in a laptop which has a sizable battery that will last over time for the occasions when you cannot plug it in.

The lifespan of your laptop battery will depend on many factors. The chemical composition will dictate how long the battery lasts, and the battery capacity will decrease as the battery ages. You will also notice that different programs and applications will drain the battery in different ways. If you are streaming videos, you will use more battery power than if you are using your word processor.

macbook with a removed cover and battery

The typical laptop battery has 500 charge cycles. This means that you can discharge and recharge the battery 500 times before the capacity begins to diminish. Based on the regular use of a laptop, your battery will start to diminish after 1-2 years of regular use.

How To Check Your Laptop’s Battery Capacity

So, how do you know when your battery is starting to lose capacity?

Well, there is software out there which will help you to determine your battery’s current capacity, starting capacity, and the wear level.

A simple Google search will throw up many free pieces of software which you can use, and there are no real stand out winners. However, the one I like best is BatteryInfoView. It’s a simple and a user-friendly piece of software that will let you know exactly the condition of your battery is.

BatteryInfoView - Battery Info

Once you have installed the software, a simple scan with it will give you detailed information about the life of your battery. This is great if you are able to replace your battery and can do so when the time is right, without having to replace your laptop.

How To Take Care Of Your Laptop Battery And Make It Last Longer?

So, your battery is getting old, or even if it is not, what can you do to prolong its life and get the most out of it?

For starters, you can follow our 5 smart tips:

1. What Are Your Power-Saving Options?
On any laptop, you will have settings where you can play around with power-saving options. You usually have the option to go with balanced or recommended settings or to tweak the settings by yourself. These settings will sometimes show you how much battery life these settings will have.

If you need lots of power for your work, then you are going to have to show that in the settings and the battery is not going to last as long. If you are on the go and only want to check your email, you can show that and save your battery.

Take out what you do not need and have your battery last for as long as possible.

2. Battery Maintenance Tools
Many laptops come with tools to help your battery to last for as long as possible. You can turn these off and monitor the battery yourself, or you can use them to your advantage and have your battery last.

Because every battery is different, and every laptop is different, it is hard to find a one-size-fits-all solution. Using the manufacturer’s battery-management software will usually help you to get the best out of your battery.

3. Keep The Brightness Down
One of the biggest drains on your battery is the screen, and this is mainly down to the brightness. The less bright your screen, the less power it needs to show the display. So, if you tone down the brightness, you can save some power.

When you are at home and plugged in, this is not a problem but, when you are on the go, the battery can drain quickly.

If you played around with the power-saving settings, you might have set different brightness for when you are plugged in or using your battery. If you are on the go and relying on the battery, manually turn down your brightness so that it is still comfortable but prolongs your battery life.

4. Keep It Cool
This is a tip for both you and your battery. If we stand in the heat, we sweat and use up energy to stay cool. The same is true for our laptops and batteries. Heat can take its toll on your battery and drain it faster than it should be drained.

Keep your laptop cool by ensuring that you have proper ventilation (never set it on a cushion or towel!), and keep it out of direct heat. Also, save the power-intensive processes for until you get plugged in. The video editing or video games can wait.

5. Don’t Let Your Battery Discharge Completely
A laptop battery has a finite number of charge cycles, and the way in which this works with regards to fully discharging and recharging vs. charging whenever the battery has lost some power is beyond the scope of this article.

What we do know is that letting the battery die and then recharging enough to use the laptop again is not only a hassle but can take its toll on the laptop and battery. If your battery is getting low, we suggest closing down the laptop until you can get it plugged in again.

When To Buy a New Battery?

The life of your battery is not something which we often think about when we are using our laptops, but most modern laptops will tell us when it is time to replace the battery. Replacing the battery can add new life to an old laptop and can keep it going for a year or two without having to replace the laptop.

Both Windows and macOS laptops (along with other operating systems) have the functionality to alert you when the battery is close to the end of its life.

With Windows, when the battery reaches a predetermined capacity, a warning will appear in the icon tray which you can clock on for more information. The icon will alert you to the capacity of your battery and suggest that it is time for a new one. It will also let you know that the laptop could shut down at any time when on battery power due to this capacity.

With macOS, you can find out what needs to be done with your battery by clicking on the battery icon in your menu bar. If you do not see any message, your battery is fine. If the battery is getting old, you may see the following messages: ‘Replace Soon,’ ‘Replace Now,’ or ‘Service Battery.’ Replacing or servicing your battery can add years to the life of your laptop

Of course, there will be times when your laptop cannot give you this information. If you find that you cannot be on battery power for very long, or if the computer shuts down when on battery power, then it may be time to invest in a new battery or laptop.

My Lenovo ThinkPad T440p: 5 Years Later

I bought my Lenovo ThinkPad T440p in 2014. It cost around $1,300 USD (that’s about $1,400 USD in today’s inflation-adjusted money) and it’s a business-grade laptop, engineered for performance and durability.

Lenovo ThinkPad T440p - Front view

I love it.

When I was looking for a laptop that I could use, I wanted one which I could use daily, use a lot, and would last 5-8 years (hopefully more). My personal checklist included:

  • A reliable brand
  • Business-grade model
  • A user-replaceable external battery
  • Socketed CPU

Choosing A Reliable Brand

I previously worked as an IT technician at a large IT company and, from experience, I realized that Lenovo laptops were generally very reliable.

Lenovo has always boasted about quality and reliability, especially with the ThinkPad line of computers. The ThinkPad hardware is tested against 12 military-grade requirements, and more than 200 quality checks are performed to ensure that they run in extreme conditions.

I’m not sure if you know this, but all laptops in the US segment of the International Space Station are Lenovo laptops!

If Lenovo is durable enough for the military and outer space, then they are durable enough for me.

Business-Grade Laptop

As I mentioned, business-grade laptops enjoy a 3-year warranty and, if something breaks, you get priority support. When your business relies on a working computer, you can’t afford to wait for long repairs. Lenovo also allows users to replace a faulty part without voiding the warranty.

The hardware in business-grade laptops is the highest possible quality, and the casing is made to withstand accidental falls and rough use. On selected ThinkPad models, Lenovo uses carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic, which makes it extremely durable.

Lenovo ThinkPad T440p - Top view

Another important aspect is safety. Business laptops come with a TPM (Trusted Platform Module) chip, which enables Windows OS users to use the BitLocker encryption software to encrypt the hard drive. It is used to authenticate your encrypted computer and give you access to all the encrypted data when the device trying to access it is identified as trusted. For a laptop that’s used for business purposes, this is a must, and I just had to have it.

Note: MacOS and Linux operating systems offer software-based encryption, so if you’re using one of those operating systems, you can enable secure data encryption on any laptop.

With business-grade laptops, you also get a longer battery life and more ports to hook up your external devices.

User Replaceable (External) Battery

Even back in 2014, there were many laptops in which the battery wasn’t user-replaceable (often referred to as ‘non-removable batteries’). As laptops got thinner and lighter, manufacturers started integrating them in a way which would not allow users to change the battery. If your battery malfunctioned or if it degraded, you had to take your laptop to a computer repair shop where they would replace the battery for you. This cost money and time.

Nowadays, some laptops have ‘non-replaceable’ batteries. Essentially, if your battery dies, you need to buy a new laptop. Talk about planned obsolescence.

I didn’t want to deal with any of that and, luckily for me, the T440p had an external battery which I could replace. When my battery dies, I’ll simply swap it out in a matter of seconds. Sure, this makes my laptop look bulky and old-fashioned, but, for me, it’s a worthy trade-off.

Lenovo ThinkPad T440p - Bottom view

Socketed CPU

In 2014, when I was buying my laptop, a new trend of CPU integration was already gaining momentum. Again, for the sake of making laptops thinner and lighter, manufacturers started soldering the CPUs to the motherboard. This meant that the CPU was permanently fixed and it wasn’t upgradeable, not even by a professional.

Luckily for me, in 2014, Lenovo didn’t take this path (they did a year later with the upgraded T450 model). My T440p laptop came with a socketed CPU, which meant that I could upgrade it when needed. I bought my T440p with an Intel Core i5 4200M processor, which was, at the time, a solid mid-range processor, but I knew that in the long-run an upgrade would be needed.

Upgrading the CPU on my T440p only takes about 10 minutes, and the upgrade will extend the laptop’s life by at least three more years.

What Have I Upgraded?

The original specs of my T440p were:

  • 1600×900 pixel mate display
  • Intel Core i5 4200M CPU
  • 8GB DDR3 RAM
  • 500GB 7200 RPM hard drive
  • Intel HD Graphics 4600 + NVIDIA GeForce GT 730M GPU (1GB)
  • DVD reader & writer

HDD
Right from the start, the obvious bottleneck was the 500GB HDD. Opening software or video and music files weren’t much quicker than on my older Lenovo ThinkPad E430. So, after a few months of usage, I changed the HDD for Samsung 840 EVO 500GB SSD. This was a breath of fresh air. The laptop became considerably faster, and I could not wipe the smile off my face for probably an hour!

The Samsung 840 EVO 500GB SSD now has 20TB of data writes, and it is running as smoothly as it did on day one.

RAM
8GB of DDR3 RAM was enough for a while but, after I started using more RAM-hungry software, including a virtual machine, I upgraded to 16GB of RAM, which is still plenty today.

DVD Reader/Writer
I knew that the DVD unit was going to be more or less useless, but there was no way of buying the laptop without it. So, a year after my purchase, I decided to swap the DVD unit with an HDD/SSD caddy. The HDD/SSD caddy isn’t from Lenovo (an original costs a whopping $99), but is, instead, a $30 3rd party adapter. I was a bit uneasy about this decision at first, but then again, I didn’t want to pay $99 for a very simple piece of technology and hardware. Luckily, this 3rd party caddy adapter works just as good as the original.

I’ve put a Samsung 850 EVO 250GB SSD in the caddy and expanded my total storage space to 750GB. This 850 EVO SSD now has 15 TB of data writes and works flawlessly.

Lenovo ThinkPad T440p - Right Side

Both SSDs are consumer-grade, however, if you don’t use your drives for heavy video editing or as a data server, consumer-grade is good enough. Both disks should handle over 100 TB of data writing with no issues.

CPU
This was the last component that I upgraded. In early 2019, I bought the Intel Core i7 4910MQ @ 2.9GHz CPU on eBay for $100. It was originally in a Dell XPS laptop, which was being sold in parts. With CPUs, it’s easy – they either work, or they don’t. So, if you get a working product, it’s good as new.

The Intel Core i7 can handle a lot more than my old Intel Core i5 could. The multitasking experience is much better and, when benchmarked against modern CPU’s, it compares extremely well.

With these upgrades, I believe that I have extended the usable life of my computer for another 3-5 years.

How I Use My Laptop

My laptop is mainly used for work. I boot it up at 9 AM and don’t turn it off before 9 PM. The screen turns off after 10 minutes of idling, but the laptop is ready to be used at all times.

Lenovo ThinkPad T440p - Keyboard close-up

I have a set of programs that are open at all times. These are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird, Toggl, Word, and Excel.

Next to these, depending on what I am working on, I use other resource-heavy software for video editing (OpenShot & Camtasia), audio editing (Audacity), graphical design (GIMP & InkScape), and VirtualBox for running virtual machines.

From time to time, I also play some games like Xenonauts and Baldur’s Gate (oldies but goodies) on 3440 x 1440 resolution (I have a Samsung SE790 ultra-wide 34” monitor attached to the laptop).

Lenovo ThinkPad T440p - left side with cables

At the moment, no matter what I throw at my computer, it can handle it.

My T440p is 5 years old and, by taking good care of it and with some simple upgrades, it’s a still a modern and capable machine.

Will My Laptop Last For 10 Years?

From a hardware point of view, I honestly don’t expect anything to break in the next 5 years. After all, I’ve seen plenty of 10 year old Lenovo laptops, and I have a ThinkPad E430 (consumer-grade laptop) at home, which is now 6 years old. It still has all the original hardware, except for the storage drive, which I replaced with an entry-level 250GB SSD from Kingstone.

The E430 still works very well, and the SSD has brought fresh life to it. It runs Windows 10 Pro edition and is used by various family members for surfing the web, watching YouTube videos, light work, etc. It’s still a fast machine for everyday use, and I haven’t heard anyone complaining about it being slow.

So, with that in mind, I fully expect my more powerful T440p to last another 5 years. At that point, I’ll definitely need to buy a new laptop, but I’ll keep the T440p as a media and file-sharing server. I’ll most probably replace the Windows OS with Linux Mint Xfce or Linux Zorin OS, which are both lightweight Linux distributions and can run on computers as old as 15 years.

However, if the T440p breaks down sooner, I’ll update this article to let you know.



Comments

  1. Professionally refurbished business notebooks, especially ThinkPads are an excellent choice. I just bought a Thinkpad T430 which was a refurbished, off-lease device. It was barely used! I’ve been going over it for the last three days and cannot find anything other than one small scratch. It also came with a 30 day battery warranty and a one year general warranty. Business class notebooks are very easily repairable and upgradable. It will most likely last me longer than any $1300 consumer grade notebook and the performance is the same or better.

  2. For sure, refurbished business laptops are always a great choice. I have a friend who maxed out his ThinkPad R500 (made in 2010) and is still using it on a daily basis. He runs Linux Mint Xfce on a SSD and is perfectly happy with it.

    My ThinkPad E430 is in its seventh year now and Windows 10 Pro works like a charm. The key thing is to to use a SSD with plenty of RAM.

    Most consumer-grade laptops just don’t last this long.

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Henrik

Henrik is a minimalist and founder of DM.

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